Federal Disaster Legislation

In response to the increasing dangers of the coronavirus emergency, the U.S. Congress approved and the President signed four pieces of emergency response Legislation.  Each of these bills are outlined below.

Bill 1 - HR 6074Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act, more commonly referred as the Supplemental Appropriations Act.  [116-123 (March 6, 2020)]

In general, the bill provides an $8.3 billion supplemental appropriation to the federal Department of Health and Human Services, the State Department, and the Small Business Administration.  This is the initial source of funding for the Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program.

Bill 2 - HR 6201 - The Families First Coronavirus Response Act, more commonly referred to as the FFCR Act. [116-127 (March 18, 2020)]

In general, the FFCR Act establishes federal paid leave, guarantees free coronavirus testing, enhances Unemployment Insurance, protects public health workers, expands food security initiatives, and increases federal Medicaid Funding. 

Information from the US Department of Labor on the paid leave provisions in the FFCR Act:

Bill 3 - HR 748 - The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, more commonly referred to as the CARES Act.  [116-136 (March 27, 2020)]

Bill 4 - HR 266 - The Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act (Enhancement Act).  [116-139 (April 24, 2020)] 

In general, the legislation provides $484 billion to provide funding to local hospitals ($75 billion), coronavirus testing ($25 billion), and refund the Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program ($60 billion) and the Payment Protection Program ($310 billion).

  • Comprehensive summary of the Enhancement Act prepared by the Congressional Research Service.

  • Summary of major provisions of the Enhancement Act. [pending]

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